Best Fertilizer For Clover And When To Fertilize [2023]

Clover lawns and plots are seeing a resurgence. Their ability to thrive in poor soil and drought conditions while fixing their own nitrogen makes them a versatile, eco-friendly lawn alternative. However, knowing when and how to fertilize your clover is crucial for its best performance.

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Understanding Clover’s Fertilizer Needs

Clover has a unique trait – it can produce its own nitrogen through nitrogen fixation, a process where atmospheric nitrogen is converted into a plant-usable form. This is thanks to a symbiotic relationship with bacteria living in its root system. However, even with this self-sufficiency, clover can still benefit from the right fertilizer application, especially in poorer soil conditions.

How Many Times a Year Should You Fertilize Clover?

Fertilizing your clover two to three times a year is generally recommended for the best results. The exact frequency may vary depending on your soil quality and specific clover variety. Always refer to your soil test results and fertilizer instructions.

When to Fertilize Clover

Timing is key when it comes to fertilizing your clover. Generally, the best times to fertilize clover are in the early spring and then again in late summer or early fall. This timing corresponds to the start of the growing season and preparation for the colder months, respectively. However, these recommendations can shift depending on your local climate and the USDA hardiness zone you are gardening in.

For gardeners in warmer climates, such as USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11, the growing season starts earlier, and your clover may be ready for fertilization as early as February or March. These regions tend to have a longer growing season, so a late-summer application can often be pushed back to early fall.

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In the more temperate zones, 6 to 8, clover usually begins vigorous growth in early spring, around April. A second application of fertilizer can be beneficial in the late summer, around August or September, to help support healthy root development before the winter months.

For colder climates in zones 1 to 5, the growing season is shorter, and early spring can often mean late April or even May. In these regions, consider a fertilization schedule that begins once the risk of hard frost has passed and repeats in late summer, around late July or early August, to help the clover prepare for winter dormancy.

It’s important to note that while these are general guidelines, the precise timing for fertilization can also depend on the specific clover variety you are growing. For instance, perennial clovers, like white dutch clover or mammoth red clover, might have slightly different fertilizer needs than annual varieties.

Regular monitoring of your clover’s health and growth, as well as keeping an eye on the local weather patterns, will help you adjust these recommendations to best fit your specific needs. As always, when in doubt, a soil test can provide helpful information about the nutrient needs of your soil.

Choosing the Best Fertilizer for Clover

While clover creates its own nitrogen, it still needs phosphorus and potassium for strong growth. A balanced NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium) fertilizer is a good start, but make sure it doesn’t contain high nitrogen levels. Clover doesn’t need much nitrogen added, so check your soil test results before choosing your fertilizer. 

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Does White Clover Need to Be Fertilized?

Even though white clover has the impressive ability to produce its own nitrogen, it’s not immune to the challenges of sandy soils or soil with unfavorable pH levels. In such cases, applying the best fertilizer at the right time can give your clover the extra boost it needs. 

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Fertilization can lead to stronger root systems, enhanced soil tilth, and foster an environment for robust plant growth. So yes, even clover can benefit from a little additional help, particularly when dealing with less than ideal soil conditions.

Is 10 10 10 Good for Clover?

A 10 10 10 fertilizer is a balanced option, providing equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. This could be a good option for new clover plots or areas where the soil lacks essential nutrients. However, be careful not to over-fertilize, as too much fertilizer can harm your clover.

Is Nitrogen Fertilizer Good for Clover?

While clover can benefit from nitrogen in the soil, it doesn’t require high nitrogen fertilizers. Excess nitrogen can encourage the growth of grassy weeds and other competitive species, reducing your clover’s performance. 

The Best Clover Fertilizers on the Market

The best clover fertilizer for you depends on your soil type, climate, and clover variety. However, we’ve listed a few options that consistently get great reviews:

1. Miracle-Gro Water Soluble All Purpose Plant Food: This balanced, water-soluble fertilizer is easy to apply and works well with a wide variety of soils.

2. Triple 10 All Purpose Liquid Fertilizer: This liquid fertilizer offers a balanced NPK ratio, making it a versatile option for various garden plants, including clover.

3. Jobe’s Organics Bone Meal Fertilizer: An excellent organic choice, this product is rich in phosphorus and calcium, promoting strong roots and healthy growth.

Micro Clover Lawns

In recent years, microclover lawns have gained popularity for several reasons. A variant of white clover, micro clover, is a low-growing perennial that is perfect for creating friendly lawn alternatives. Given its low height, micro clover doesn’t require frequent mowing like traditional grass lawns. Its dense growth pattern also helps crowd out broadleaf and invasive grassy weeds, reducing the need for herbicide programs.

Micro clover is particularly beneficial in poor soil conditions, as its nitrogen fixation abilities can significantly improve soil quality. It is also more drought-resistant than typical grass, meaning it requires less water – a win for the environment and your water bill!

When it comes to fertilizing micro clover, it’s a good idea to follow the same basic principles as for other clover types. An early spring and late summer or early fall application is typically best. Be mindful of your soil pH and consider a soil test to get precise recommendations for your specific needs.

Clover Plots for Food and Wildlife

Clover isn’t just for lawns and cover crops. It also makes an excellent choice for food plots for wildlife, particularly deer. Clover food plots are rich in protein, which supports antler growth and overall deer health. Moreover, clover blooms are a preferred source of nectar for bees and other beneficial insects, promoting local biodiversity.

White Dutch clover, red clover, and Ladino clover are common types of clover used in deer food plots. They each have their own preferred growing conditions, so consider your local climate, soil type, and the specific needs of the wildlife you want to attract when choosing your clover seed.

Just as with clover lawns, maintaining a healthy clover food plot may require a little extra attention. Fertilizing two to three times a year is generally recommended for the best performance. However, as clover plots also contribute to soil tilth and nitrogen content, they can improve the condition of your soil over time, making them a beneficial addition to your land management practices.

Whether you’re creating a clover lawn, a cover crop, or a wildlife food plot, the key to success is understanding the specific needs of your clover variety, testing your soil, and using the right fertilizer at the right time. This way, your clover can flourish, benefiting the soil, the wildlife, and you.


Clover is an excellent choice for eco-friendly lawn alternatives, wildlife food plots, or even hay crops. Understanding its unique fertilizer needs is crucial for its success. You can select the best fertilizer for your clover and enjoy a lush, green lawn or plot by considering your soil type, climate, and specific clover variety.

[Read More: How Long Does It Take For Granular Fertilizer To Dissolve?]

While feeding your clover a lot of nutrients is tempting, sometimes less is more. Over-fertilizing can lead to weaker plants and an invasion of unwanted weeds. Always start with a soil test and fertilize accordingly. Happy gardening!

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